Dyssomnia refers to a broad classification of sleep disorders including difficulty sleeping, staying asleep, or suffering from excessive sleep due to reduced amount of sleep, quality, or quantity of sleep. These conditions can be the cause of external or external factors that disturb a person’s sleep, such as excessive noise during sleeping hours. Or it may be due to intrinsic or intrinsic factors, such as a circadianrhythm sleep disorder that prevents the body from sleeping comfortably.
Complaints from affected individuals may include intermittent waking during the night, waking up early in the morning, or a combination of the two.
Common factors include caffeine, physical discomfort, snoozing and early bedtime.
Types of dyssomnia
The major three types of dyssomnia
- Idiopathic hypersomnia,
- Periodic limb movement disorder,
- Restless legs syndrome,
- Obstructive sleep apnea,
- Central sleep apnea syndrome,
- Sleep status misconception,
- Psychophysiological insomnia,
- Recurrent hypersomnia,
- Traumatic hypersomnia,
- Central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome,
- Alcohol dependent sleep disorder,
- Food allergy insomnia, • Inadequate sleep routine.
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder
- Advanced sleep stage syndrome,
- Delayed sleep stage syndrome,
- Jet lag,
- Shift Work Sleep Disorder
Symptoms of dyssomnia
Dyssomnia symptoms will depend on the underlying cause of each particular form. Nevertheless, symptoms of dyssomnia may include:
- Problems getting up in the morning
- Problems with day off
- To nap again and again
- Sleep throughout the day
- Sudden onset of sleepiness
- Feeling irritable
- Increase in appetite
- Weight gain
Causes of dyssomnia
Specific causes of dysmenorrhea may be associated with:
- Not receiving enough bright-light exposure during waking hours
- Wake-sleep pattern disturbances
- Overactive thyroid
- Sudden alcohol withdrawal after alcohol or prolonged use
- Side effects of a new drug
- Excessive physical or intellectual stimulation at bedtime
- Jet lag
- Abruptly stopping a medicine
- Nicotine, alcohol, caffeine, food or stimulants at bedtime
- Excessive sleep during the day
- Anxiety, anxiety, or stress
Dyssomnia treatment involves treating the underlying cause.
Obstructive sleep apnea treatment
For mild cases of obstructive sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend a lifestyle change:
- If you are overweight then lose weight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Drink alcohol moderately, if at all, and do not consume it several hours before bedtime.
- Quit Smoking
- Use a nasal decongestant or allergy medicines.
- Do not sleep on your back.
- Avoid taking sedative medications such as anti-anxiety medications or sleeping pills.
- If these measures do not improve your sleep or if your apnea is moderate to severe, your doctor may recommend other treatments. Some devices may help open blocked airways. In other cases, surgery may be necessary.
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